LEARN C PROGRAMMING ONLINE

The Conclusive Pilot to Python Programming

 

T.C.A provides expert help to help you learn C Programming more effectively:C is a middle-level and general-purpose programming language that was originally developed to develop the UNIX OS  & is ideal for developing firmware or portable applications. Originally intended for writing system software. T.C.A helps you to learn C programming.

Before starting with the C Programming Tutorial lets understand what C Language, How it became so Popular many of you must have question How to learn C language, here in this C Tutorial you’ll learn C language basics, and this C Tutorial for Beginners to Advance, and will Excel and Clear All your Doubts on C Language. So why you’re waiting? Let us Start With this C Online Tutorial.

C Language History

  • The C programming language is a structure oriented programming language, developed at Bell Laboratories in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie
  • C programming language features were derived from an earlier language called “B” (Basic Combined Programming Language – BCPL)
  • C language was invented for implementing UNIX operating system
  • In 1978, Dennis Ritchie and Brian Kernighan published the first edition “The C Programming Language” and commonly known as K&R C
  • In 1983, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) established a committee to provide a modern, comprehensive definition of C. The resulting definition, the ANSI standard, or “ANSI C”, was completed late 1988.

C Programming Language Standards

  • C89/C90 standard – First standardized specification for C language was developed by the American National Standards Institute in 1989. C89 and C90 standards refer to the same programming language.
  • C99 standard – Next revision was published in 1999 that introduced new features like advanced data types and other changes.

C11 and Embedded C Language

  • C11 standard adds new features to C programming language and libraries like type generic macros, anonymous structures, improved Unicode support, atomic operations, multi-threading and bounds-checked functions. It also makes some portions of the existing C99 library optional and improves compatibility with C++.
  • Embedded C includes features not available in C like fixed-point arithmetic, named address spaces, and basic I/O hardware addressing.
  • Operating systems, C compiler, and all UNIX application programs are written in C language
  • In 1978, Dennis Ritchie and Brian Kernighan published the first edition “The C Programming Language” and commonly known as K&R C

Features Of C Programming Language:

  • C language is one of the powerful languages. Below are some of the features of C language.
  • Reliability
  • Portability
  • Flexibility
  • Interactivity
  • Modularity
  • Efficiency and Effectiveness

Uses of C Programming Language

  • The C programming language is used for developing system applications that form a major portion of operating systems such as Windows, UNIX and Linux. Below are some examples of C being used
  • Database systems
  • Graphics packages
  • Word processors
  • Spreadsheets
  • Operating system development
  • Compilers and Assemblers
  • Network drivers
  • Interpreters

Which Level Is C Language Belonging to?

  • There are 3 levels of programming languages. They are,
  • Middle-Level languages:
    Middle-level languages don’t provide all the built-in functions found in high-level languages but provide all building blocks that we need to produce the result we want. Examples: C, C++
  • High-Level languages:
    High-level languages provide almost everything that the programmer might need to do as already built into the language. Example: Java, Python
  • Low-Level languages:
    Low-level languages provide nothing other than access to the machines basic instruction set. Example: Assembler

C Language Is a Structured Language

  • Structure-oriented language:
  • In this type of language, large programs are divided into small programs called functions
  • Prime focus is on functions and procedures that operate on the data
  • Examples: C, Pascal, ALGOL and Modula-2
  • Data moves freely around the systems from one function to another
  • Program structure follows “Top Down Approach”
  • Object-oriented language:
  • In this type of language, programs are divided into objects
  • Prime focus is in the data that is being operated and not on the functions or procedures
  • Data is hidden and cannot be accessed by external functions
  • Program structure follows “Bottom UP Approach”
  • Examples: C++, Java and C# (C sharp)
  • Non-structure oriented language:
  • There is no specific structure for programming this language. Examples: BASIC, COBOL, FORTRAN

Key Points To Remember In C Language

  • The C language is a structure oriented programming language developed by Dennis Ritchie.
  • The C language is belonging to a middle-level programming language.
  • Operating system programs such as Windows, Unix, Linux are written in C language.
  • C89/C90 and C99 are two standardized editions of C language.
  • C has been written in assembly language.
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FUNCTIONS

Functions Introduction

User-defined Function

Function Types

Recursion in C

Variable Scope

ARRAYS

C Arrays Introduction

Multidimensional Array

Arrays & Functions

Strings in C

String Functions

Array Examples

POINTERS

Pointers

Pointers & Arrays

Pointers & Functions

Memory Management

Pointer Examples

STRUCTURE & FILE HANDLING

Structure

Structure & Pointers

Structure & Functions

C Unions

Structure Examples

Files Handling

LEARN PYTHON ONLINE

The Conclusive Pilot to Python Programming

 

T.C.A provides expert help to help you learn C Programming more effectively:C is a middle-level and general-purpose programming language that was originally developed to develop the UNIX OS  & is ideal for developing firmware or portable applications. Originally intended for writing system software. T.C.A helps you to learn C programming.

Before starting with the C Programming Tutorial lets understand what C Language, How it became so Popular many of you must have question How to learn C language, here in this C Tutorial you’ll learn C language basics, and this C Tutorial for Beginners to Advance, and will Excel and Clear All your Doubts on C Language. So why you’re waiting? Let us Start With this C Online Tutorial.

C Language History

  • The C programming language is a structure oriented programming language, developed at Bell Laboratories in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie
  • C programming language features were derived from an earlier language called “B” (Basic Combined Programming Language – BCPL)
  • C language was invented for implementing UNIX operating system
  • In 1978, Dennis Ritchie and Brian Kernighan published the first edition “The C Programming Language” and commonly known as K&R C
  • In 1983, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) established a committee to provide a modern, comprehensive definition of C. The resulting definition, the ANSI standard, or “ANSI C”, was completed late 1988.

C Programming Language Standards

  • C89/C90 standard – First standardized specification for C language was developed by the American National Standards Institute in 1989. C89 and C90 standards refer to the same programming language.
  • C99 standard – Next revision was published in 1999 that introduced new features like advanced data types and other changes.

C11 and Embedded C Language

  • C11 standard adds new features to C programming language and libraries like type generic macros, anonymous structures, improved Unicode support, atomic operations, multi-threading and bounds-checked functions. It also makes some portions of the existing C99 library optional and improves compatibility with C++.
  • Embedded C includes features not available in C like fixed-point arithmetic, named address spaces, and basic I/O hardware addressing.
  • Operating systems, C compiler, and all UNIX application programs are written in C language
  • In 1978, Dennis Ritchie and Brian Kernighan published the first edition “The C Programming Language” and commonly known as K&R C

Features Of C Programming Language:

  • C language is one of the powerful languages. Below are some of the features of C language.
  • Reliability
  • Portability
  • Flexibility
  • Interactivity
  • Modularity
  • Efficiency and Effectiveness

Uses of C Programming Language

  • The C programming language is used for developing system applications that form a major portion of operating systems such as Windows, UNIX and Linux. Below are some examples of C being used
  • Database systems
  • Graphics packages
  • Word processors
  • Spreadsheets
  • Operating system development
  • Compilers and Assemblers
  • Network drivers
  • Interpreters

Which Level Is C Language Belonging to?

  • There are 3 levels of programming languages. They are,
  • Middle-Level languages:
    Middle-level languages don’t provide all the built-in functions found in high-level languages but provide all building blocks that we need to produce the result we want. Examples: C, C++
  • High-Level languages:
    High-level languages provide almost everything that the programmer might need to do as already built into the language. Example: Java, Python
  • Low-Level languages:
    Low-level languages provide nothing other than access to the machines basic instruction set. Example: Assembler

C Language Is a Structured Language

  • Structure-oriented language:
  • In this type of language, large programs are divided into small programs called functions
  • Prime focus is on functions and procedures that operate on the data
  • Examples: C, Pascal, ALGOL and Modula-2
  • Data moves freely around the systems from one function to another
  • Program structure follows “Top Down Approach”
  • Object-oriented language:
  • In this type of language, programs are divided into objects
  • Prime focus is in the data that is being operated and not on the functions or procedures
  • Data is hidden and cannot be accessed by external functions
  • Program structure follows “Bottom UP Approach”
  • Examples: C++, Java and C# (C sharp)
  • Non-structure oriented language:
  • There is no specific structure for programming this language. Examples: BASIC, COBOL, FORTRAN
  • The C language is a structure oriented programming language developed by Dennis Ritchie.
  • The C language is belonging to a middle-level programming language.
  • Operating system programs such as Windows, Unix, Linux are written in C language.
  • C89/C90 and C99 are two standardized editions of C language.
  • C has been written in assembly language.

FUNCTIONS

Functions Introduction

User-defined Function

Function Types

Recursion in C

Variable Scope

ARRAYS

C Arrays Introduction

Multidimensional Array

Arrays & Functions

Strings in C

String Functions

Array Examples

POINTERS

Pointers

Pointers & Arrays

Pointers & Functions

Memory Management

Pointer Examples

STRUCTURE & FILE HANDLING

Structure

Structure & Pointers

Structure & Functions

C Unions

Structure Examples

Files Handling